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March 7th 2018: The Human Rights Watch Deputy Executive Director called for both President Salva Kiir and the First Vice President Taban Deng Gai to be invested for their roles in the atrocities committed in the ongoing civil war in South Sudan including the crime against humanity. The says such atrocities couldn't have been committed without knowledge of the President and First Vice President Gai. 

In February U.N. investigators say they have identified more than 40 South Sudanese officials and military officers who may be responsible for war crimes and crimes against humanity.  

The report U.N Human Rights Commission on South Sudan, in its report details the horrifying acts of cruelty committed against South Sudanese civilians mainly by the government soldiers though the report also implicated the opposition fighters for such atrocity, but it mainly blames the government forces for committing large scale human Rights violation. 

The report says in some instance victims had their eyes gouged out, their throats slit or they were castrated. Others were gang raped while the family and relatives were forced to watch the rape carried by the South Sudanese national army the SPLA. Further the report accused the SPLA for looting, torching of the whole villages in some places, forceful arrest etc. 

The deputy Director of Human Rights watch doubted the supposed to be establish Hybrid court to try the suspects, she says such court should be establish outside South Sudan in order to be free and independent. The call for President Kiir and Taban Gai to be investigated is the first ever made since the beginning of the civil war in 2013. 

The report makes the case for "individual command responsibility for widespread or systematic attacks on civilians." according the Andrew Clapham one of the commission, there is a clear pattern of ethnic persecution, he says the were mainly by government forces who should be pursued for crimes against humanity. The UN investigators say their findings are based on 230 witness statements and nearly 60,000 documents.  

The commission says a confidential list of 41 suspects generals including three state governors has been forwarded to the U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights, Zeid Ra'ad Al Hussein. The suspects include three state governors, 33 generals and five colonels. Though the report withheld the names of the suspected Generals and three state governors. 

The U.N. commission is calling on the African Union to set up a promised special court to try alleged crimes. 

"The court could be set up straight away and the prosecutor could begin working on indictments," said commission chief Yasmin Sooka. She noted that under the 2015 peace agreement, those indicted can no longer hold or run for office. 


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